performance related incidents & accidents

with the Boeing 737

Insufficient performance

To let pilots realize that performance plays a big part in the daily operation, listed below is a summary of incidents and accidents where the performance of the aircraft was insufficient. 
Most of these incidents resulted in runway excursions causing damage varying from minor structural to hull losses with fatalities. 

 

Runway excursions
Runway excursions can be divided in veer-offs (aircraft departs the side of the runway) and overruns (aircraft unable to stop before the end of the runway) and is the most frequent accident cause worldwide (3rd most in EASA countries) and rank in 6th place in terms of fatal accidents. 

Landing overruns or RTO (Rejected Take Off) overruns might be caused by incorrect performance analysis and/or weight entry errors, possible due to wrong calculations, or FMC (Flight Management Computer) or computerized performance tool entry errors. 

 

Tail strikes
Tailstrikes are situations where the tail of the airplane touches (scrapes) the ground, either on takeoff or during landing. This might be caused by either over-rotation (pitch attitude too high) but can also be caused by trying to rotate or to land at a too low speed. In turn, this too low (rotation VR - or landing reference VREF - ) speed can, similar to runway excursion situations, be caused by incorrect performance analysis and/or weight entry errors, possible due to wrong calculations, or FMC (Flight Management Computer) or computerized performance tool entry errors.

Boeing 737
This summary only gives an overview of recent incidents and accidents where the Boeing 737 was involved and only those where the (near) runway excursion was not (solely) caused by technical failure. Besides these, realize that most of the performance related incidents (think about eg. FMC weight/speed data entry errors and wrong flap selections) do fortunately not turn into incidents or accidents and therefore will not reach the public. 

This overview is updated regularly.

Recent performance related incidents and accidents 

Date
Occurence
Location
Airline
Aircraft
Facts
Final Report
read more
06/02/2020
LANDING OVERRUN INTO VALLEY
Kozhikode (India) rwy 10
B737-300
Unstablized approach, landing beyond touchdown zone halfway runway, wet runway.
Yes
21/10/2021
LANDING OVERRUN
Jayapura (Indonesia) rwy 30
B737-300
Light rain, wet runway
No
02/03/2021
INCORRECT TAKEOFF PERFORMANCE DATA
Lisbon (Portugal) rwy 21
B737-800
Intersection takeoff with performance based on full runway length.
No
04/02/2020
LANDING OVERRUN AND BROKE UP
Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen (Turkey) rwy 06
B737-800
Very late touchdown after hot and high approach on wet runway in strong tailwind.
No
04/01/2020
LANDING OVERRUN
Halifax (Canada) rwy 14
B737-800
Aircraft landed on runway covered with 100% wet snow with unknown braking action and came to a stop beyond the runway end.
No
02/05/2019
LANDING OVERRUN ENDING UP IN RIVER
Jacksonville (USA) rwy 10
B737-800
Landing with flaps 30, one thrust reverser inop (by MEL), rainstorm, low visibility, 15 kts tailwind on a wet and non-grooved runway, with displaced threshold (net barrier), leaving LDA of 7800ft/2370m.
No
28/04/2019
LANDING OVERRUN
Shirdi (India) rwy 09
B737-800
Runway length 2500m / 8200ft.
No
15/02/2019
LANDING OVERRUN
Pontianak (Indonesia) rwy 15
B737-800
Landing in heavy rain on wet runway.
No
17/01/2019
LANDING OVERRUN
Chicago O'Hare (USA) rwy 04R
B737-900
Blowing snow
No
16/01/2019
LANDING OVERRUN
Omaha (USA) rwy 14R
B737-800
Freezing drizzle
No
02/01/2019
LANDING OVERRUN
Entebbe (Uganda) rwy 17
B737-800
Landed at Max Landing Weight due to fuel tankering with 1 Thrust Reverser INOP by MEL.
No
05/12/2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Burbank (USA) rwy 08
B737-700
Heavy rain. Aircraft ended up in EMAS (Engineered Material Arresting System).
No
27/11/2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Manaus (Brazil) rwy 29
B737-200
Heavy rain, excess approach speed
No
25/11/2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Yogyakarta (Indonesia) rwy 09
B737-800
Wet runway
No
16/09/2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Aquaba (Jordan) rwy 19
B737-300
Late touchdown in tailwind with incorrect configuration after an unstabilized approach.
No
01/09/2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Sochi (Russia) rwy 06
B737-800
Wet, contaminated runway, changing winds, long flare, late reverse and insufficient braking due to runway friction less than 0.3, which does not allow a landing, but was actually less than reported to the crew.
No
05/08/2016
LANDING OVERRUN
Milan Bergamo (Italy) rwy 28
B737-400
Delayed touchdown / low light conditions / wet runway / possible fatigue
No
01/08/2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Pardubice (Chech Republic) rwy 27
B737-800
Wet runway, light tailwind
No
28/01/2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Leticia (Columbia) rwy 21
B737-400
Burst tyre due to inadequate maintenance procedures, combined with poor runway condition in light rain
No
18/09/2014
INSUFFICIENT TAKEOFF THRUST (2 incidents combined)
Groningen (Netherlands) rwy 05 / Lissabon (Portugal) rwy 21
B737-800
Erroneous takeoff performance calculations.
No
03/03/2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Guayaquil (Ecuador) rwy 21
B737-400
Light rain, wet runway
No
23/02/2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Green Bay (USA) rwy 06 (2347m / 7700ft)
B737-900
Slippery runway
No
17/01/2018
TAILSTRIKE ON TAKEOFF
Auckland (New Zealand) rwy 05R (3230m / 10590ft)
B737-800
Decrease in headwind during rotation.
No
28/09/2017
TAILSTRIKE ON DEPARTURE
Dallas Ft.Worth Texas (USA) runway 35L
B737-800
No
27/09/2017
TAKE OFF WITH WRONG (NOSE HEAVY) TRIMSETTING
Malta rwy 13
B737-800
Intersection takeoff, incorrect stabilizer trim setting based on wrong passenger seating figures. Actual trim was 6.5%MAC off.
No
19/09/2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Mumbai (India) rwy 27
B737-800
Rain, wet runway (2965m / 9730ft)
No
04/09/2017
TAILSTRIKE ON LANDING
Wenzhou (China) rwy 03/21 (3200m / 10500ft)
B737-800
No
24/07/2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Bucharest (Romania) rwy 26R (3500m / 11480ft)
B737-800
Wet runway
No
21/07/2017
RUNWAY OVERRUN ON TAKEOFF
Belfast (Ireland) rwy 07 (TODA 3073m / 10080ft)
B737-800
Incorrect OAT (probably the expected top-of-climb OAT) was entered in FMC resulting in a significantly lower than required takeoff thrust and aircraft hit the approach lights at liftoff.
No
11/07/2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Helsinki (Finland) rwy 04L
B737-800
Heavy rain, wet runway (3060m / 10040ft), late brake application.
No
31/05/2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Manokwari (Indonesia) rwy 35
B737-300
Rain, wet runway (2000m / 6560ft)
No
16/05/2017
RUNWAY EXCURSION ON LANDING
Winnipeg (Canada) rwy 13
B737-700
Unstabilized approach, wet runway (2652m / 8700ft)
No
08/04/2017
LANDING VEER OFF WITH NOSE GEAR COLLAPSE
Sibu (Malaysia) rwy 13
B737-800
Reduced visual reference due to intensifying rain at night without runway centerline lights on a wet runway (2745m / 9005ft) and bad visible centerline markings / black hole effect.
No
28/03/2017
RUNWAY EXCURSION WITH GEAR COLLAPSE
Jauja (Peru) rwy 31
B737-300
Veered off, collapsed gear and caught fire.
No
23/03/2017
TAILSTRIKE ON LANDING
Atlanta, GA (USA) rwy 26R
B737-900
No
17/02/2017
REJECTED TAKEOFF RUNWAY EXCURSION
Riga (Russia) rwy 18
B737-500
Thrust assymetry (unaware by crew) below Vmcg, late initiation RTO, wet runway.
No
13/02/2017
TAILSTRIKE ON GO-AROUND
Bariloche (Argentina) rwy 29
B737-800
Unstabilized approach, higher than idle thrust on touchdown without flare (+3.08G), go-around.
No
07/02/2017
TAILSTRIKE ON DEPARTURE
Warsaw Modlin (Poland) rwy 08
B737-800
No
01/02/2017
LANDING VEER OFF
Yogyakarta (Indonesia) rwy 09
B737-800
Heavy rain, wet runway (2200m / 7210ft)
No
26/01/2017
TAILSTRIKE ON DEPARTURE
Istanbul (Turkey) rwy 05
B737-800
No
22/01/2017
TAILSTRIKE ON LANDING
Dhaka (Bangladesh) rwy 14
B737-800
Thrust not idle upon touchdown, bounce, 2nd touchdown +2.79G
No
12/01/2017
TAILSTRIKE ON DEPARTURE
Moscow Vnukovo (Russia) rwy 06
B737-900
No
27/12/2016
REJECTED TAKEOFF RUNWAY EXCURSION
Goa (India) rwy 26
B737-800
TO/GA was pressed without both engined stabilized at the prescribed 40% N1 (No2 engine 28% N1).
No
07/12/2016
LANDING OVERRUN
Murmansk (Russia) rwy 31
B737-500
Reported braking action by ATC insufficient / insuffiecient use of reverse thrust / improper landing distance assessment.
No
06/12/2016
TEMPORARY RUNWAY EXCURSION ON LANDING
Darwin (Australia) rwy 29
B737-800
Gusty crosswind, heavy rain, darkness, limited visual cues, touchdown 21m right of (unlighted) centerline
No
27/10/2016
LANDING OVERRUN
New York La Guardia (USA) rwy 22
B737-700
High flare / late idle thrust / late touchdown / late speedbrake / wet rwy (2134m / 7000ft).
No
20/02/2016
LANDING OVERRUN
Surabaya (Indonesia) rwy 10
B737-900
Prolong touchdown / late spoiler deployment / thrust levers not at idle / late brake application / heavy rain / wet runway (3000m / 9845ft).
No
16/01/2016
LANDING OVERRUN
Kiev (Russia) rwy 08
B737-300
Slippery runway (2160m / 7080ft), tailwind, shortcomings in crewtraining regarding landing distance calculations, Vref planned too high.
No
07/01/2016
LANDING OVERRUN
Cluj (Romania) rwy 25
B737-400
Extended flare (float) on a snowy runway (2040m/ 6700ft) / high approach speed / insufficient visual cues / inconsistent brake pressure.
No
05/01/2015
LANDING OVERRUN
Montreal (Canada) rwy 24L
B737-600
Runway conditions worse than expected (standing water i.s.o. wet) / application of reverse too late / retracting the speedbrake too early.
No
01/01/2015
LANDING OVERRUN
Makassar (Indonesia) rwy 13
B737-800
Floating (possibly due to windshift) resulted in too late touchdown on the wet runway in heavy rain.
No