performance related incidents & accidents

with the Boeing 737

Insufficient performance

To let pilots realize that performance plays a big part in the daily operation, listed below is a summary of incidents and accidents where the performance of the aircraft was insufficient. 
Most of these incidents resulted in runway excursions causing damage varying from minor structural to hull losses with fatalities. 

 

Runway excursions
Runway excursions can be divided in veer-offs (aircraft departs the side of the runway) and overruns (aircraft unable to stop before the end of the runway) and is the most frequent accident cause worldwide (3rd most in EASA countries) and rank in 6th place in terms of fatal accidents. 

Landing overruns or RTO (Rejected Take Off) overruns might be caused by incorrect performance analysis and/or weight entry errors, possible due to wrong calculations, or FMC (Flight Management Computer) or computerized performance tool entry errors. 

 

Tail strikes
Tailstrikes are situations where the tail of the airplane touches (scrapes) the ground, either on takeoff or during landing. This might be caused by either over-rotation (pitch attitude too high) but can also be caused by trying to rotate or to land at a too low speed. In turn, this too low (rotation VR - or landing reference VREF - ) speed can, similar to runway excursion situations, be caused by incorrect performance analysis and/or weight entry errors, possible due to wrong calculations, or FMC (Flight Management Computer) or computerized performance tool entry errors.

Boeing 737
This summary only gives an overview of recent incidents and accidents where the Boeing 737 was involved and only those where the (near) runway excursion was not (solely) caused by technical failure. Besides these, realize that most of the performance related incidents (think about eg. FMC weight/speed data entry errors and wrong flap selections) do fortunately not turn into incidents or accidents and therefore will not reach the public. 

This overview is updated regularly.

Recent performance related incidents and accidents 

DATE
OCCURENCE
AIRLINE
LOCATION
FACTS
FINAL REPORT
Thu Feb 06 2020 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN INTO VALLEY
Kozhikode (India) rwy 10
Unstablized approach, landing beyond touchdown zone halfway runway, wet runway.
Yes
Thu Oct 21 2021 22:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN
Jayapura (Indonesia) rwy 30
Light rain, wet runway
Yes
Tue Mar 02 2021 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
INCORRECT TAKEOFF PERFORMANCE DATA
Lisbon (Portugal) rwy 21
Intersection takeoff with performance based on full runway length.
Yes
Tue Feb 04 2020 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN AND BROKE UP
Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen (Turkey) rwy 06
Very late touchdown after hot and high approach on wet runway in strong tailwind.
No
Sat Jan 04 2020 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN
Halifax (Canada) rwy 14
Aircraft landed on runway covered with 100% wet snow with unknown braking action and came to a stop beyond the runway end.
No
Thu May 02 2019 22:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN ENDING UP IN RIVER
Jacksonville (USA) rwy 10
Landing with flaps 30, one thrust reverser inop (by MEL), rainstorm, low visibility, 15 kts tailwind on a wet and non-grooved runway, with displaced threshold (net barrier), leaving LDA of 7800ft/2370m.
No
Sun Apr 28 2019 22:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN
Shirdi (India) rwy 09
Runway length 2500m / 8200ft.
No
Fri Feb 15 2019 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN
Pontianak (Indonesia) rwy 15
Landing in heavy rain on wet runway.
No
Thu Jan 17 2019 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN
Chicago O'Hare (USA) rwy 04R
Blowing snow
No
Wed Jan 16 2019 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN
Omaha (USA) rwy 14R
Freezing drizzle
No
Wed Jan 02 2019 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN
Entebbe (Uganda) rwy 17
Landed at Max Landing Weight due to fuel tankering with 1 Thrust Reverser INOP by MEL.
No
Wed Dec 05 2018 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN
Burbank (USA) rwy 08
Heavy rain. Aircraft ended up in EMAS (Engineered Material Arresting System).
No
Tue Nov 27 2018 23:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
LANDING OVERRUN
Manaus (Brazil) rwy 29
Heavy rain, excess approach speed
No
Nov 25, 2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Yogyakarta (Indonesia) rwy 09
Wet runway
No
Sep 16, 2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Aquaba (Jordan) rwy 19
Late touchdown in tailwind with incorrect configuration after an unstabilized approach.
Yes
Sep 01, 2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Sochi (Russia) rwy 06
Wet, contaminated runway, changing winds, long flare, late reverse and insufficient braking due to runway friction less than 0.3, which does not allow a landing, but was actually less than reported to the crew.
Yes
Aug 5, 2016
LANDING OVERRUN
Milan Bergamo (Italy) rwy 28
Delayed touchdown / low light conditions / wet runway / possible fatigue
Yes
Aug 01, 2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Pardubice (Chech Republic) rwy 27
Wet runway, light tailwind
Yes
Jan 28, 2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Leticia (Columbia) rwy 21
Burst tyre due to inadequate maintenance procedures, combined with poor runway condition in light rain
Yes
Sep 18, 2014
INSUFFICIENT TAKEOFF THRUST (2 incidents combined)
Groningen (Netherlands) rwy 05 / Lissabon (Portugal) rwy 21
Erroneous takeoff performance calculations.
Yes
Mar 03, 2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Guayaquil (Ecuador) rwy 21
Light rain, wet runway
Yes
Feb 23, 2018
LANDING OVERRUN
Green Bay (USA) rwy 06 (2347m / 7700ft)
Slippery runway
No
Jan 17, 2018
TAILSTRIKE ON TAKEOFF
Auckland (New Zealand) rwy 05R (3230m / 10590ft)
Decrease in headwind during rotation.
Yes
Thu Sep 28 2017 22:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
TAILSTRIKE ON DEPARTURE
Dallas Ft.Worth Texas (USA) runway 35L
No
Wed Sep 27 2017 22:00:00 GMT+0000 (Coordinated Universal Time)
TAKE OFF WITH WRONG (NOSE HEAVY) TRIMSETTING
Malta rwy 13
Intersection takeoff, incorrect stabilizer trim setting based on wrong passenger seating figures. Actual trim was 6.5%MAC off.
No
Sep 19, 2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Mumbai (India) rwy 27
Rain, wet runway (2965m / 9730ft)
No
Sep 04, 2017
TAILSTRIKE ON LANDING
Wenzhou (China) rwy 03/21 (3200m / 10500ft)
No
Jul 24, 2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Bucharest (Romania) rwy 26R (3500m / 11480ft)
Wet runway
No
Jul 21, 2017
RUNWAY OVERRUN ON TAKEOFF
Belfast (Ireland) rwy 07 (TODA 3073m / 10080ft)
Incorrect OAT (probably the expected top-of-climb OAT) was entered in FMC resulting in a significantly lower than required takeoff thrust and aircraft hit the approach lights at liftoff.
Yes
Jul 11, 2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Helsinki (Finland) rwy 04L
Heavy rain, wet runway (3060m / 10040ft), late brake application.
Yes
May 31, 2017
LANDING OVERRUN
Manokwari (Indonesia) rwy 35
Rain, wet runway (2000m / 6560ft)
No
May 16, 2017
RUNWAY EXCURSION ON LANDING
Winnipeg (Canada) rwy 13
Unstabilized approach, wet runway (2652m / 8700ft)
No
Apr 08, 2017
LANDING VEER OFF WITH NOSE GEAR COLLAPSE
Sibu (Malaysia) rwy 13
Reduced visual reference due to intensifying rain at night without runway centerline lights on a wet runway (2745m / 9005ft) and bad visible centerline markings / black hole effect.
Yes
Mar 28, 2017
RUNWAY EXCURSION WITH GEAR COLLAPSE
Jauja (Peru) rwy 31
Veered off, collapsed gear and caught fire.
Yes
Mar 23, 2017
TAILSTRIKE ON LANDING
Atlanta, GA (USA) rwy 26R
No
Feb 17, 2017
REJECTED TAKEOFF RUNWAY EXCURSION
Riga (Russia) rwy 18
Thrust assymetry (unaware by crew) below Vmcg, late initiation RTO, wet runway.
Yes
Feb 13, 2017
TAILSTRIKE ON GO-AROUND
Bariloche (Argentina) rwy 29
Unstabilized approach, higher than idle thrust on touchdown without flare (+3.08G), go-around.
Yes
Feb 07, 2017
TAILSTRIKE ON DEPARTURE
Warsaw Modlin (Poland) rwy 08
No
Feb 01, 2017
LANDING VEER OFF
Yogyakarta (Indonesia) rwy 09
Heavy rain, wet runway (2200m / 7210ft)
No
Jan 26, 2017
TAILSTRIKE ON DEPARTURE
Istanbul (Turkey) rwy 05
No
Jan 22, 2017
TAILSTRIKE ON LANDING
Dhaka (Bangladesh) rwy 14
Thrust not idle upon touchdown, bounce, 2nd touchdown +2.79G
Yes
Jan 12, 2017
TAILSTRIKE ON DEPARTURE
Moscow Vnukovo (Russia) rwy 06
No
Dec 27, 2016
REJECTED TAKEOFF RUNWAY EXCURSION
Goa (India) rwy 26
TO/GA was pressed without both engined stabilized at the prescribed 40% N1 (No2 engine 28% N1).
Yes
Dec 7, 2016
LANDING OVERRUN
Murmansk (Russia) rwy 31
Reported braking action by ATC insufficient / insuffiecient use of reverse thrust / improper landing distance assessment.
No
Dec 06, 2016
TEMPORARY RUNWAY EXCURSION ON LANDING
Darwin (Australia) rwy 29
Gusty crosswind, heavy rain, darkness, limited visual cues, touchdown 21m right of (unlighted) centerline
Yes
Oct 27, 2016
LANDING OVERRUN
New York La Guardia (USA) rwy 22
High flare / late idle thrust / late touchdown / late speedbrake / wet rwy (2134m / 7000ft).
Yes
Feb 20, 2016
LANDING OVERRUN
Surabaya (Indonesia) rwy 10
Prolong touchdown / late spoiler deployment / thrust levers not at idle / late brake application / heavy rain / wet runway (3000m / 9845ft).
Yes
Jan 16, 2016
LANDING OVERRUN
Kiev (Russia) rwy 08
Slippery runway (2160m / 7080ft), tailwind, shortcomings in crewtraining regarding landing distance calculations, Vref planned too high.
Yes
Jan 07, 2016
LANDING OVERRUN
Cluj (Romania) rwy 25
Extended flare (float) on a snowy runway (2040m/ 6700ft) / high approach speed / insufficient visual cues / inconsistent brake pressure.
Yes
Jan 05, 2015
LANDING OVERRUN
Montreal (Canada) rwy 24L
Runway conditions worse than expected (standing water i.s.o. wet) / application of reverse too late / retracting the speedbrake too early.
Yes
Jan 01, 2015
LANDING OVERRUN
Makassar (Indonesia) rwy 13
Floating (possibly due to windshift) resulted in too late touchdown on the wet runway in heavy rain.
Yes